The Future of Farming and Agriculture

Agriculture is most commonly defined as the science of cultivating both plants and livestock, and is by far the most important human invention to have ever been conceived. The shift in human culture from hunter-gatherer tribal life, to the sedentary lifestyle we all enjoy today was only made possible because of the development of agriculture and farming. By learning how to domesticate animals and farm crops, for the first time human beings were able to obtain a surplus of food supplies, leading to the development of larger settlements called cities. Agriculture lies at the very heart of what separates humanity from any other species on the planet. It is estimated that while wild grains have been being collected for more than one hundred thousand years, the process of farming crops began only about fifteen thousand years ago. It is around this same time period that the domestication of animals was first conceived of as well. Both the farming of crops and animal domestication have evolved over the years, as our understanding of the natural world has improved and expanded. Techniques like crop rotation and irrigation have increased the amount of food being produced over the years, leading eventually to the most modern forms of agriculture. Today, factory farming and the widespread use of fertilizers and pesticides has led to another large increase in the amount of food being produced, as our scientific advancements have again changed the way we approach every aspect of our lives. How we approach farming and …